Scope & Sequence

SCOPE & SEQUENCE: EARLY CHILDHOOD THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL

This document is a guide specifying the range of topics that are taught in SPARK Physical Education and in what sequence. The topics are organized by the SHAPE America Standards 1 through 5 and are sequenced by grade level. Each individual SPARK program (EC, K-2, 3-6, MS, and HS) includes a recommended sequence for specific content to be taught. This is meant as a guide and can be adapted to and will vary according to such factors as facilities, teaching schedules, equipment, and weather.

I Designates the grade(s) when the content is first explored and/or introduced. The critical elements of a skill may be taught at this time.
A Designates the grades when the content is applied in varying contexts.
R Designates the grade(s) when the content is reinforced. At this time, students review proper form and strive to improve skills and knowledge.
EC K 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th-12th
Locomotor Skills
Walking I, A I, A R R R R R R R R R
Running I, A I, A R R R R R R R R R
Galloping I, A I, A R R R R R R
Side-Sliding I I, A I, A R R R R R R R R
Hopping I I, A I, A R R R R R R R R
Skipping I I, A I, A R R R R R R R R
Leaping I I, A I, A R R R R R R R R
Chasing and Fleeing I I, A I, A A A R R R R R
Body Management (Non-Locomotor – Stability)
Balancing I, A I, A A A A A A R R R R
Jumping/Landing I, A I, A A A R R R R R R R
Weight Transfer I, A I, A A A R R R R R R R
Manipulatives
Rolling I I, A I, A I, A A A A
Bouncing I I I, A I, A A A A R R R R
Throwing I I I, A I, A A A A R R R R
Catching I I I, A I, A A A A R R R R
Kicking I I I, A I, A A A A R R R R
Hand Dribbling I I I, A I, A A A A R R R R
Foot Dribbling I I, A I, A A A A R R R R
Foot Passing I I, A I, A A A A R R R R
Trapping I I, A I, A A A A R R R R
Volleying I I I I, A I, A I, A R R R R
Striking with Short-Handled Implements I I I I, A I, A I, A R R R R
Striking with Long-Handled Implements I I I, A I, A R R R R
Sports/Activities
Aquatics
Water Safety I, A
Stroke Technique I, A
Flip Turns I
Snorkeling I
Synchronized Swimming I
Diving I
Water Polo I
Rhythms/Dance
Jumping Rope (Long) I I, A I, A R R R
Jumping Rope (Individual) I I, A I, A A A A R R R R
Jumping Rope (Double Dutch) I I, A I, A R
Ribbons/Streamers I I, A A R
Jump Bands I A A R R R R
Line Dancing I A A R R R R
Square Dancing I, A A A R R R R
Folk Dancing I A A A A A R R R R
Social Dancing I, A I, A I, A R
Choreographing I I I I, A I, A A R R R R
Individual Activities
Cycling I, A
Golfing I, A A A R
Dual Activities/Paddle/Racquet Activities
Badminton I I I I, A A A R
Handball I, A A A R
Racquetball I, A A A R
Tennis
Table Tennis
Pickleball I I I A A A R
Combatives
Self-Defense I, A
Kick-Boxing I I I A
Cycling I, A
Stunts/Tumbling
Stunts I I I, A I, A A A A R R R R
Balance I I I, A I, A A A A R R R
Tumbling I I, A I, A I, A A A R R R
Rhythmic Gymnastics I
Cooperatives
Pairs I I A A A R R R R
Small Groups I I A A A R R R R
Large Groups I, A A A R R R R
Team Activities
Basketball I A A R R R R
Cultural Games (e.g. Tawkraw) I, A A A R
Hockey I A A R R R R
Football I I, A A R R R R
Ultimate Frisbee I I, A A R R R R
Volleyball I I, A A R R R R
Softball I A A R R R R
Soccer I A A R R R R
Outdoor Activities I, A
Orienteering I, A
Geo-Caching I
Rock Climbing I
Disc Golf I A A R R R R
Lacrosse I, A
Fitness
Resistance Training I A A A A A R
Plyometrics I I, A I, A A A A R
Pilates I, A I, A A R
Circuits I I, A I, A A A A R R R R
Walking/Jogging/Running I A A A A A R R R R
Group Fitness/Aerobic Dance I A A R R R R
Triathlon I
Yoga/Power Stretching I A A R
Cross-Training I, A
EC K 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th-12th
Spatial Awareness
Personal Space I I A A R R R R R R R
General Space I I A A R R R R R R R
Boundaries I I A A R R R R R R R
Levels of Movement I I I A R R
Pathways I I I A A R R R R R
Directions I I I A R R
Effort/Speed/Tempo I I A A R R R R R R R
Force I I I A A A A R R R R
Relationships
Body Parts I I I A A R R R R R R
With Objects I I I A A R R R R R R
With People I I A A A R R R R R R
Concepts, Principles, and Strategies
Identifies elements of correct form for motor skills I I A A R R R R R R R
Uses feedback to improve performance I I A A R R R R R R
Uses knowledge of critical elements to give feedback to others I A A A A A R
Describes the FITT Principle and how it relates to fitness I A A R R R R
Describes and demonstrates how skills learned in one physical activity can be transferred to another I A A A A R
Describes basic principles of training and how they improve fitness I I I A A A R
Describes and applies strategies and tactics for mini-games I I I A A A R
Uses information from a variety of sources to guide and improve performance I, A A A R
Demonstrates knowledge to develop an activity plan I, A A A R
Reaction Time I I, A I, A A A A A A A R
Agility I A A A A A A R
Coordination I A A A A A A A R
Explosive Power I I I, A A A A R
Speed I A A A A A A R
Offense I I, A A A A A A R
Defense I I, A A A A A A R
Transition (from O to D and D to O) I I, A A A R
Leverage I A A I, A A A R
Force I A A A A A A A A R
Inertia I A A R
Rotary Motion I
Opposition I A A A A A A A A R
Buoyancy I I, A A A A A R
Aerobic and Anaerobic I A A A A A R
Analyzes consumer products/programs I I A R
Exercise Safety I, A A A A A A R
Uses complex movement concepts to refine skills and apply to the learning of new skills I A A R
EC K 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th-12th
Participates in a variety of activities outside of PE, during school hours I A A A A A A R R R R
Participates in a variety of activities outside of school I A A A A A A R R R R
Participates in organized physical activity outside of PE class I A A R R R R
Monitors physical activity using a pedometer I A A A A A R
Sets realistic PA goals and strives to attain them I I A A A A R
Accumulates a specified number of steps during the day I A A A A A R
Determines the intensity of a physical activity using perceived exertion I I, A A A A R
Participates in a variety of activities that increase breathing and heart rate I I, A A A A R R R R R
Sustains activity for increasingly longer periods of time throughout the year I I, A A A A A R R R R
Recognizes that health-related physical fitness consists of 5 different components I A A A A A R
Explains the benefits of regular PA I A A A A A A R
Participates in selected activities that develop and maintain each component of fitness I A A A A A R
Identifies strengths and weaknesses based on fitness assessment I I A A A A R
Demonstrates appropriate training principles when engaged in activity to improve fitness I I I A A A R
Formulates meaningful personal fitness goals based on fitness assessment I I A A A A R
Demonstrates ability to monitor personal fitness program to meet own needs and goals I A A A R
EC K 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th-12th
Demonstrates responsible personal/social behavior during PE I I I A A A A A A A R
Uses equipment safely I I I A A A A R R R R
Demonstrates elements of appropriate conflict resolution during PE I I, A A A A A R R R R
Demonstrates ability to teach an activity or skill to others I A A R R R R
Regularly encourages others and refrains from put-downs I A A R R R R R
Demonstrates cooperation skills I I, A I, A A R R R R
Able to accomplish group goals in both cooperative and competitive activities I A A R R R R
Demonstrates self-direction, responsible behavior, and communication skills in PE I I, A A A R R R R
Participates in activity for personal enjoyment I A A A A A A A A A R
EC K 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th-12th
Tries new movements and skills I A A A A A A R R R R
Persists if not successful on first try I I, A A A A A R R R R
Chooses to practice skills needing improvement I I, A A A A A R
Exhibits ways to use the body and movement to express self I I, A A A A A A R R R R
Seeks personally challenging experiences in PA opportunities I A A A A A R
Works with others to achieve a common goal I I A A R R R R
Creates and performs a small group dance routine I I, A A R R R R